THE OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN RIGHT TO FREEDOM FROM TORTURE IN PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE (ARTICLE 3 OF THE CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS)


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Andrii Voitsikhovskyi

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Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of Faculty 4 of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Ukraine). Ph.D. in Law.

Oleksandr Bakumov

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Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of Faculty 4 of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Ukraine). Ph.D. in Law.

Olena Ustymenko

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Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of Faculty 4 of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Ukraine). Ph.D. in Law.

Vadym Seliukov

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Associate Professor of Department of Police Administrative Activity of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs (Ukraine). Ph.D. in Law.



Abstract


The article considers the issue of observance by the bodies of the National Police of Ukraine of human right to freedom from torture or inhuman treatment or punishment. The practice of the European Court of Human Rights testifies that Ukrainians are increasingly applying to the Court for violations of the prohibition of torture or inhuman treatment by the police. The authors noted that the responsibility of the bodies of the National Police of Ukraine to prevent violations of human rights to freedom from torture or inhuman treatment was enshrined both in national law and in international legal documents, especially in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 1950. The application of the provisions of the Convention, as well as the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights as an integral part of its law enforcement practice, will contribute to the development of the protection of human rights in Ukraine. Summarizing the practice of the European Court of Human Rights in relation to Ukraine regarding violations of Article 3 of the Convention, the authors of the research singled out certain requirements that are binding on the bodies of the National Police of Ukraine. The observance of national legislation, application of the provisions of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the practice of the European Court of Human Rights will contribute the increasing of the public trust and respect for the law enforcement agencies, including the National Police of Ukraine and improving the efficiency of the Ukrainian justice system.



Keywords


Torture or inhuman treatment, or punishment; European Court of Human Rights; Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms; National Police of Ukraine.



How to cite this article


Voitsikhovskyi, Andrii; Bakumov, Oleksandr; Ustymenko, Olena; Seliukov, Vadym (2019). "The UN in Conflict Resolution: the case of East Timor". JANUS.NET e-journal of International Relations, Vol. 10, N.o 2, November 2019-April 2020. Consulted [online] on the date of the last visit, https://doi.org/10.26619/1647-7251.10.2.11



Article received on March 3, 2018 and accepted for publication on August 28, 2019