Publication guidelines

The writing of articles for JANUS.NET, e-journal of International Relations, complies with international scientific standards, in accordance with the following conditions:


1. JANUS.NET is an open access exclusively online journal published biannually in May and November.The journal does not levy any charges, these include no charges to process, publish or access the papers.

2. The articles proposed for publication must be original. Authors are obliged not to simultaneously submit their articles for publication elsewhere.

3. Although OBSERVARE – Observatório de Relações Exteriores-(Observatory for External Relations) retains authorship rights on the whole of the publication, each author has copyright regarding his/her own article; the author autorizes the broadcast through networks of scientific journals; if published elsewhere at a later stage, please refer to its prior publication in JANUS.NET, e-journal of International Relations. JANUS.NET subscribes to the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

4. The articles sent for publication must be sent as attached files to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., addressed to the editorial director, together with a brief resume of the author(s).

5. In a separate file, authors must send a form indicating their name, institution they are associated with, place and country of work, and contact details.

6. The texts may be submitted in Portuguese, English, French, Spanish or Italian and will always be published in two languages - the original language and English (or in English and Portuguese). Translations will be the responsibility of the editorial board.

7. All submitted articles will be subject to blind refereeing by experts in the corresponding fields designated by the editorial board. This is usually a time consuming process, therefore originals should be sent as promptly as possible.

8. Two scientific reviewers will be asked to give their opinion on articles. They will be responsible for approving articles, suggest changes or advise against publication. When those two opinions do not concur, a third opinion may be requested. However, the final decision on publication is the responsibility of the editorial director, who will inform authors and provide well-founded arguments for his decision.

9. The ".doc" format shall be used for the submittal of original texts.

10. Articles may not exceed 6,000 words (indicative), including the bibliography and notes.

11. Images (diagrams, maps, tables and graphs) must be accompanied by captions, indication of sources and numbered in sequential order; the use of iconography and infography is the sole responsibility of authors and they must comply with copyright and intellectual property requirements.

12. Texts must be accompanied by five keywords and an abstract in the text's original language. Abstracts must not exceed 2,000 characters, including spaces.

13. Quotations must be placed in inverted commas and bibliographical references incorporated in the text, according to the Harvard System: “surname, date: page” (Tribe, 1990: 46).

14. Whenever applicable, and without compromising its inclusion into the ".doc" text, the original files of tables and figures must be sent separately in JPEG, GIF or XLS format.

15. Footnotes must be numbered, without brackets, presented in a sequential manner, from start to finish.

16. Bibliographical references must not exceed 30, and must be sorted alphabetically at the end of the article, according to the Harvard System:


Surname, Name (date). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.

Book chapters

Surname, Name (date). Title of chapter followed by Name and Surname (ed), Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, pages.

Journal and newspapers articles

Surname, Name (date). Title of article. Full title of journal. Volume number: pages.

Conference Proceedings

Surname, Name (date). Full title of conference paper. Title of publication. Place of publication: Publisher.

Online publications

Surname, Name (date). Title of article. Title of publication [online]. Volume, year. [Date of access]. Available at URL.


Decree Law number... of... (date). “Diário da República” number... - ... Series. Place.

17. Besides scientific papers, JANUS.NET, e-journal of International Relations will normally include a section of shorter texts, titled “Notes and Reflections”, and another for book reviews.

18. Texts to be included in the “Notes and Reflections” section should be around 3,000 words and book reviews should be a maximum of 2,500 words, fully identifying the publication.