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Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa
e-ISSN: 1647-7251
Vol. 11, Nº. 1 (May-October 2020), pp. 18-29
COMBATING CYBERCRIME AS A PREREQUISITE
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIGITAL SOCIETY
Olga A. Klymenko
ms-kl18@ukr.net
Ph.D. in Law. Head of the Department at the Interagency Research Center on Problems of
Combating Organized Crime under the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (from
2017 to 2019), Kyiv (Ukraine).
Mykhaylo V. Gutsalyuk
mvgutsalyuk@ukr.net
Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor. Chief Researcher at the Interagency Research Center on
Problems of Combating Organized Crime under the National Security and Defense Council of
Ukraine, Kyiv (Ukraine).
Andrii V. Savchenko
savchenkoav@ukr.net
Doctor of Law (LLD). Professor of the Criminal Law Department of the National Academy of
Internal Affairs, Kyiv (Ukraine).
.
Abstract
The article deals with the issues of cyber security and cybercrime in the digital society. The
areas for improving international cooperation to ensure the security of the Internet are
proposed.
Digitized society is being implemented around the world at a high rate and offers significant
benefits for the development of both society as a whole and its individual components. At the
same time, a factor that has a negative impact on this development is cybercrime. The article
explores the current state and main trends of cybercrime, including its organized forms.
The legislative and organizational measures are proposed to counter cybercrime, the leading
role of international cooperation is emphasized, including the rapid exchange of electronic
data to detect and investigate cybercrime.
Keywords
Cybercrime, Cyber security, International cooperation, Digital society, Counteraction
How to cite this article
Klymenko, Olga A.; Gutsaliuk, Mykhailo V.; Savchenko, Andrii V. (2020). "Combating
cybercrime as a prerequisite for the development of the digital society". JANUS.NET e-journal
of International Relations, Vol. 11, N.º 1, May-October 2020. Consulted [online] on the date
of the last visit, https://doi.org/10.26619/1647-7251.11.1.2
Article received on November 12, 2019 and accepted for publication on March 26, 2020
JANUS.NET, e-journal of International Relations
e-ISSN: 1647-7251
Vol. 11, Nº. 1 (May-October 2020), pp.18-29
Combating cybercrime as a prerequisite for the development of the digital society
Olga A. Klymenko, Mykhaylo V. Gutsalyuk, Andrii V. Savchenko
19
COMBATING CYBERCRIME AS A PREREQUISITE
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIGITAL SOCIETY
Olga A. Klymenko
Mykhaylo V. Gutsalyuk
Andrii V. Savchenko
Problem statement
One of the signs of the modern digital society is the rapid development of information
technologies and the spread of the Internet, which are being introduced into all spheres
of life. The first website in history was created in 1991, and today there are more than
1.8 billion websites in the world. If in 2015 the number of Internet users was about 2
billion, then in 2019 they already exceeded 4 billion (Internet live stats, 2019).
The first-ever Digital Europe programme, proposed in June 2018, will invest in five key
digital sectors: high performance computers, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and
trust, advanced digital skills, and ensuring the wide use and deployment of digital
technologies across the economy and society, in order to strengthen European industrial
technological leadership (EU Budget, 2018).
At the same time, with the development of computer technology, a new form of criminal
activity appeared cybercrime, which today has mastered the environment of computer
networks and mobile devices. The anonymity of global information networks, the speed
of information transfer makes it possible to use these advantages not only for the
development of the information society, but also for the commission of unlawful acts.
This is also facilitated by the fact that information and communication technologies are
being introduced and are developing much faster than legislators and law enforcement
agencies can react to. Therefore, the sustainable development of a digital society is only
possible if the cybercrime is actively combated, including its organized forms.
Cybercrime, unlike the traditional ones, is characterized by the fact that they are
committed using computers and data networks, including the global Internet. As a result,
such crimes can be transboundary in nature and perpetrated by organized criminal
interstate groups. Another feature is that the evidence of such crimes is contained in
electronic devices (electronic or digital evidence) and has the ability to be quickly
modified or even destroyed.
After the World Health Organization recognized the coronavirus as a pandemic, many
organizations around the world began to introduce remote methods of work in their units,
including organizations such as the US Congress, the Pentagon, NASA. At the same time,
Internet traffic has increased significantly. For example, Webex web conferencing traffic
has grown 22 times! (Free video conferencing: Coronavirus spurs special deals from